Introduction to Hormone Replacement Therapy

Hormone replacement therapy, also known as HRT or menopausal hormone therapy (MHT), is used to provide aid in balancing the progesterone and estrogen level in a woman at the time of menopause. HRT also helps relieve hot flashes, sweating, and other symptoms of menopause. Along with these benefits, it also alleviates the risk of osteoporosis.

HRT is used along with the sex change treatment plan in order to infuse hormonal changes of the chosen gender. Most forms of HRT contain progesterone and estrogen both; most contain only estrogens, and testosterone is used occasionally.

This blog is based on Hormone Replacement Therapy as a way of easing symptoms in women and the detailed discussion on the topic.

Types of Hormone Replacement Therapy

There are two kinds of HRT used to treat the indications of menopause. One is Estrogen therapy (ET), and the other is Estrogen/Progesterone/Progestin therapy (EPT).

Estrogen therapy can be considered as the most common method of treatment for symptoms of menopause and is used particularly by women who had a history of hysterectomy. Estrogen therapy eliminates many signs of menopause and is available through a variety of different delivery procedures, including a patch, pill, gel, injection, vaginal ring, or vaginal cream.

EPT is a recovery choice for women who haven’t had a previous hysterectomy. Using estrogen can increase the chances of uterine cancer, so EPT uses progesterone to replace estrogen and reduce the risk for women who still have their uterus. EPT also comes in a variety of ways.

Who Should not Undergo This Treatment

Hormonal Replacement Treatment is suitable for women with a history of:

  • high blood pressure
  • uncontrolled hypertension
  • severe migraines
  • stroke
  • thrombosis or blood clots
  • endometrial, ovarian or breast cancer
  • heart disease

Breast cancer risk is now thought to arise if HRT is in use for five years or more. The risk of complications with stroke or blood coagulation is not believed to be high for women aged 50 to 59. Women who are or may become pregnant are not allowed to use it.

Hormonal Replacement Therapy Side Effects

People who undergo this treatment can feel breast soreness or bloat. Nausea, headaches, dizziness, and blurry visions are some of the side effects of HRT.

Weight gain is one of the most significant side effects faced by people who have had the treatment in the past. Around the time of menopause, many women complained about experienced weight gain. But many doctors argue that it is not mainly because of HRT; many other external factors can be involved in the process.

Certain possible reasons for gaining weight include a decrease in physical activity, a redistribution of fat as hormone levels shift, and a rise in appetite resulting from a decline in estrogen.

These issues can be tackled by consulting a hormone therapy specialist. Many Hormone Replacement Therapy Centers are providing free consultation before undergoing the treatment. So before you decide, consult a specialist and discuss your health plan with her.


Women who plan to take HRT should discuss the benefits of it and risks of treatment beforehand with their doctor. This will help to determine if the procedure is suitable, considering their medical history, risk factors, age, and personal preferences. For the majority of women opting for HRT, this can be a short-term treatment for treating menopause symptoms, the benefits of this treatment seems to outweigh the risks.

It is recommended to start from the lowest effective HRT dosage, with a length of use depending on the clinical trials. Women on HRT should re-assess themselves with their doctor annually to monitor any changes. Long-term use of HRT may be appropriate for continuing symptom relief and enhancing the quality of life for some women.

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